Allergy is an immune response to foreign substances called allergens such as pollen, certain food, fur or dust. The human body develops hypersensitivity to any of such substances which causes reactions like itchiness, cold, sneezing, swelling etc. People can have an allergic reaction to more than one substance.
Types of Allergies
Allergies are known to be seasonal, chronic or perennial. Both children and adults can have allergic reactions. If a person has an allergy since his/her childhood, it may diminish as the person grows up. Most children outgrow their allergies but for some, the allergic reactions may reduce to some extent as they grow up. But if you develop an allergy in your adulthood, it may not go away without intervention.
Seasonal allergies also called seasonal allergic rhinitis are allergies that usually occur with the change in the season. Pollen is the main culprit of such allergies. It becomes more airborne as the season changes and trees, weeds, and flowers release pollen particles. These seasonal allergies may come around every year causing symptoms like sneezing, itchiness, redness, cough, itchy eyes, sore throat, dry skin, fatigue, stuffy or a runny nose, headaches.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis can be treated with medication and home remedies as well. Though medications should always be taken with a doctor’s advice. Several home remedies are quite effective and soothing for seasonal allergies. They provide relief and reduce allergy symptoms.
Allergies that stay all year long despite the season are called Perennial allergies. They are not caused by allergens that are related to seasonal changes such as pollen but are the result of other airborne substances. Exposure to allergens which are present all year long results in perennial allergies.
This type of allergy is caused by allergens such as house dust, animal fur, fabric fiber, insects and pet dander. These substances are usually present in homes all year long leaving you susceptible to allergic reactions all the time.
Symptoms of Year Long Allergies
Most common symptoms of perennial allergies are nasal symptoms similar to what one experiences in seasonal allergic rhinitis but they become chronic. Such as a chronic cough, once started it can last very long. Other symptoms include itchy throat, chronically stuffed nose, sinus infections, sneezing, or a runny nose with watery discharge.
There can be more than one symptoms that are caused by the allergy. Some people may also develop asthma due to the allergens present in the air which triggers it.
Blocked ears can also be a symptom of an allergic reaction, especially in children. Children are also susceptible to chronic ear infections. Eyes are also affected in such allergies, red, swollen, watery and itchy eyes are a common sign of an allergic reaction.
Prevention from All the Time Allergies
Mostly allergies tend to intensify if not cared for treated regularly. They become persistent and don’t improve if people fail to follow their treatment properly. If the substance that triggers the allergy is known, people need to avoid it if it is possible such as pets. The medication does not work if the surroundings are not allergen free.
If house dust is the allergen, changes to the environment can reduce the effect. Items that collect dust like books, magazines, upholstered furniture, and curtains should be replaced with products with accumulating less dust or are easier to clean.
Vacuuming frequently also helps. Wash bed sheets, pillowcases in hot water. Use synthetic- fiber pillows. Dehumidifiers are also effective in reducing dust mites. Insects and cockroaches are also carriers of dust allergens, exterminating them may also help prevent allergies. If animal dander triggers the allergy, contact with pets should be limited if it is unavoidable. Pet’s hygiene should also be kept in check.