Eyelid bumps are small lumps which form at the edge either the upper eyelash or the lower lash line. These bumps are mostly harmful and do pose any major threat. They usually heal without any intervention or treatment but sometimes may need to be drained by the doctor. They can be painful or painless depending on the type of eyelid bump.
Types of Eyelid bumps
Eyelid bumps are formed due to issues linked to the oil glands in your eyes. These oil glands are responsible to regularly lubricate your eyes. A bump or lump forms if there is any irregularity with these glands. There are typically four kinds of eyelid bumps.
- Stye is a red, pimple like bump on the eye also known as external Hordeolum. These are the most common type of eye bumps. Styes form when the oil glands become infected with bacteria, which also make them painful. An infection of the hair follicle from eyelashes can also cause a stye.
They usually form along the lash line. Eyes may also swell and become sore. Styes usually disappear after a few days by themselves but you can try some home treatments to soothe them and to speed up the healing process. Warm water compressions with clean cotton pads for 5-10 minutes at a time are really helpful. This will also help reduce swelling and redness and should be repeated 3 to 5 times in a day for effective results.
- Chalazion is similar to a stye. It is an inflammatory lesion which occurs when the oil from the oil glands thickens up and blocks the Meibomian gland. The thick oil secretion forms a hard lump which is mostly painless. Unlike styes, a chalazion can be formed along the lash line, under the upper or lower eyelids.
They can be bigger than styes, growing up to the size of a pea. A big Chalazion may interfere with your vision and needs to be drained with a small incision. These type of bumps usually take time to disappear, though warm water compressions can be helpful.
Use warm water soaked cotton pads by placing them directly on the Chalazion and moving it inwards toward your inner eye duct. The oil accumulated in the gland may drain out itself through the duct if done regularly.
- Xanthelasma yellow bumps and are harmless. Certain deposits of fat cause lumps usually in the inner corners of the eyelids. They can also be a sign of high cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Milia is another kind of eyelid bump. Skin produces a protein called keratin, if this protein gets trapped under the skin it forms a small white bump. Milia can occur anywhere on the body but the mostly appear around the eye region. An injury or a specific medical condition can also cause these bumps. They may disappear on their own or a doctor can remove them.
Both adults and children are prone to have styes. Though adults are more likely to get a chalazion. If a person has a chalazion, extra preventive measures should be taken to avoid them as they tend to reoccur.
Keeping your eyes clean and dirty hands away from them will help you to avoid these nasty bumps. Wash your face daily with clean clear water. Make it a habit to properly remove makeup before sleeping. Any residue substance can clog the glands.
Avoid sharing towels with other members of your family. A separate face towel is a safer and hygienic solution. Never touch your eyes with dirty hands. Always use clean hands to place contact lenses. Store your contact lenses properly in their solution and change the solution after every few days.