Fortification of foods started to occur in the United States in year 1924. The practice was started to overcome the deficiency of iodine which later resulted in goiter. Milk was then fortified with Vitamin D following the fortification of bread and cereals.
Many manufacturing companies have started fortifying ready to eat foods with the vital nutrients required for the body. This is often done for the nutritional adequacy concerns so that any deficiency could be overcome. Fortified breakfast cereals gained popularity as the human body needs a kickstart in early part of day.
More About Fortified Cereals
Fortified foods may not necessarily mean that they are a healthy option as the processing process steals them of the vital nutrients which are then flagged through fortification. Many cereals are loaded with sugar making them no more nutritional than a cake containing fortified flour. Sugar is not a healthy way to start your day which is why most cereals are not on the healthy list any more.
What are Healthy Fortified Cereals?
The list of Healthy fortified cereals include whole grain cereals which are not stripped off their vital nutrition. Although these cereals have enough nutrition with less sugar content, many brands may still fortify cereals to add more vitamins, minerals, and folic acid. It is always better to look for cereal options with high fiber, more vitamins and minerals. The nutrition label can guide you better about the percent of RDI of nutrition contained within the packet.
What are the Benefits of Fortification of Foods?
Fortification of foods is carried out to add extra nutrients for nourishment. Whole grain foods are a healthy choice as they are not deprived of their nutritional values during the process and are not refined. You should always look for the RDI nutrition on the label to have exact knowledge of what the foods will provide your body with.
Daily intake of fortified cereals for 12 days improved the micronutrient status in girls according to a study. The study was carried out to determine the effects of fortified cereals in comparison to the non fortified cereals. There is a decline in micrnutrient status in adolescents of Europe and USA because of skipping breakfast. This shows how important breakfast is for us to remain healthy and fit. The results showed a remarkable improvement in various nutrients after the regular intake of fortified cereals.
Who Needs Fortified Foods?
The human body is not getting enough nutrition through foods nowadays which increases the need of fortifying various foods with vital nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Many adults need calcium, magnesium, and vitamins as they have troubles meeting their daily body requirements.
Pregnant women also need more nutrition to fulfill the needs of their growing baby for which they need fortified foods often.
However, healthy individuals can still fulfil their daily nutrition requirements with a balanced diet including vegetables, fruits, healthy fats, lean protein, and whole grains.
Are there any Risks of Fortifying Cereals?
Fortified cereals may often be fortified with excessive nutrients which will cause excessive intake. Children may not need more of vitamin A, zinc, and and niacin but they may still be having cereals as their over dose. It should be noted that over dose of any nutrient will do harm instead of any good for the body.
Most adults don’t consume a healthy balanced diet to meet the recommended dietary guidelines. Micronutrient deficiencies are common nowadays for which fortified and enriched cereals are helpful.
Fortified foods provide with increased vitamin and mineral consumption which is beneficial in terms of overcoming nutrient deficiencies.
Although Fortification may not always be good in every case as they may also cause excessive intake of nutrients.