Blood pressure is the measure of speed by which blood flows through the blood vessels whereas pulse measures the number of times heart beats. Both are indicators of overall health but do not always depend on each other. The blood pressure and pulse will not always increase simultaneously as they are independent values.
We often think high blood pressure is linked to the high pulse rate but this is not the case always. As the heart rate or pulse increases, the healthy blood vessels dilate to become larger which allow more blood flow volume at a normal rate thus having no effect on the blood pressure.
More About Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is diagnosed by measuring it with the Blood Pressure Instrument. Repeated readings of blood pressure will help you have a better understanding of the fluctuations. The blood pressure readings are taken in two numbers which are systolic pressure and diastolic pressure.
Higher or lower than normal blood pressure reading indicates a problem which should be treated. These two readings tell if you have high or low blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure: The top number indicates the reading when blood rushes through the vessels after being stopped with cuff.
Diastolic Blood Pressure: The lower number indicates the reading in between the heartbeats when the heart comes at rest.
Normal Blood Pressure reading for a healthy individual is 120/80 mm hg.
Risks of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a silent killer that damages your overall health. It threatens your health as the organs get damaged gradually. High blood pressure is known to affect the heart, kidneys, vision, and sexual functions. Many lifestyle changes should be made to live a better life as exercise and diet play vital roles in optimizing health.
Risks of Low Blood Pressure
Low Blood Pressure usually results from prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, medications, endocrine problems, infections, allergy, and nutritional deficiency. The symptoms may include dizziness, nausea, fainting, dehydration, blurred vision, fatigue, depression, lack of concentration, and pale skin.
A single lower than normal blood pressure reading is not a matter of concern unless repeated readings occur along with other symptoms. It is better to have a record of readings to help a doctor diagnose your symptoms well.
More About Heart Rate/Pulse
Heart rate measures the level of fitness and may help you spot your overall heart health. Heart rate is number of heart beats per minutes. Pulse can be measured at your wrists, inside of elbows, top of feet, and side of the neck.
The factors affecting heart rate include medications, emotions, body position, body size, and air temperature. A healthy pulse rate is measured between 60 and 100 for healthy individuals but the reading may vary according to age.
Effects of Exercise on Heart Rate and Blood Pressure
An increased heart rate is often assumed to have been resulted after exercise or increased physical activity to which blood pressure only increases modestly. It can be noted that more intensity of exercises leads to a higher heart rate which also depends on an individual’s age. A healthier and fit person will have his heart rate return to normal sooner than others.
Low Blood Pressure and High Pulse
Tachycardia is a condition in which low blood pressure and high pulse occurs. High pulse is known as greater than 100 heartbeats per minute. Such a condition can be a result of neural dysfunction between the heart and brain.
Some chronic conditions may also cause low bp and high pulse which are neurally mediated hypotension, vasovagal syncope, atrial fibrillation, and medication. Whereas there are some other causes that may result in such condition including heart disease, thyroid, diabetes, dehydration, alcohol abuse, or weakening of muscles.
High Blood Pressure and Low Pulse
This means that the blood is exerting higher pressure on the vessels but the heart is pumping fewer than 60 times per minute. There may be various reasons for high blood pressure and low pulse including thickened heart tissue, medications, and internal bleeding.
There should be no worry if you are taking blood pressure medications and notice a slight change in blood pressure and pulse rate. However, it is best to consult a doctor if there is not any obvious reasons for the sudden change.