Intrauterine Insemination – Process and Risk Factors of Fertility Treatment?

Infertility is a struggle in life and it needs real courage to cal your nerves if something just does not work the way you want it to. Women have to go through several treatments in hope of achieving a successful pregnancy as the artificial fertility treatments can never compete with how nature works.

However, there are several treatments available nowadays to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy; they do not guarantee 100% success. Some of the very common treatments for fertility include intrauterine insemination which is more commonly known as IUI, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), and ICSI.

What is Intrauterine Insemination?

IUI involves artificial placement of sperms inside the woman’s uterus to make a pregnancy successful. This fertility treatment is often chosen as the step after the failure of fertility drugs alone. The goal of intrauterine insemination is to increase the number of sperms to reach near the egg. This can increase chances of pregnancy to an extent although it does not guarantee success in the first attempt. The practice has become common all over the world as people proceed to advanced treatments if they fail to become parents naturally.


The process is usually carried out if the male partner does not highly motile sperms to reach the woman’s egg.
Intrauterine Insemination Process
So, how is the process of intrauterine insemination carried out? Well, this fertility treatment has gained popularity around the globe as many couples go through it.

IUI gives a head start to the pregnancy occurring chances which makes it highly recognized around the world. It is less expensive as compared to other fertility treatment procedures as it still requires the sperm to reach the egg by itself.

IVF, on the other hand, takes a lot more investment than IUI as the procedure is carried out in a test tube. This is why the process is more commonly known as the test tube baby procedure. However, this does not mean that the baby will grow in the test tube for the nine months as many people assume so. The fertilized egg will still be placed in the woman’s uterus which requires care and complex procedures involved ultimately increasing the cost of the process.

Fertility medicines for ovulation induction are the first treatment for helping couples get pregnant. However, if the medicines do not work, IUI is given a though to increase the chances of pregnancy and save time. Fertility experts usually go IUI for sooner for patients above the ideal reproductive age.

What is the Process of IUI?

IUI is performed with the aid of fertility medicines as women get inducted for ovulation and the egg release is monitored carefully. IUI is performed only when the egg is ready to be released within the next 24 to 36 hours.

A semen sample is collected to get washed in the laboratory where good quality sperms are separated to be used in the process. The sperms are then inserted inside the uterus with a catheter which will increase the chances of conception. The process does not take long and only lasts for a few minutes. IUI is also relatively easier to go through with fewer costs involved.

Reasons why People go For Intrauterine Insemination

Pregnancy is not always achieved as easily as many people assume so. People may have hard times going through the struggle which is why they opt for further advanced fertility treatments.

Unexplained fertility is the most common reason which does not let women get pregnant and even science does not have the answer to it. So, let’s leave that to nature. What we can do is to act wise and go for whatever treatment we can as soon as we realize there can be something wrong.

Other problems in conceiving a child may include the low quality of cervical mucus which does not provide a hostile environment for the sperms to travel its way to the egg.

There may be problems with the sperm which must be treated with proper nutrition and medicines although it usually takes time to improve the semen quality. Moreover, ejaculation dysfunction can be a real cause for a pregnancy hurdle.

Are there any Risks of IUI?

The only risk involved with IUI is the increased chance of getting pregnant with twins. Some women also report to have an infection after going through IUI. There may be discharge after IUI process which is more common than you have thought. Consider all the after effects of going through the procedure if you are trying to make a choice. The process is usually safer than other methods and can be given a thought without worrying too much as it will save your time and make your wish come true. After all hope is the key to achieving success.

Infections are commonly reported after going through the IUI process as something from outside has been inserted into the uterus. There can be particles left inside or something may go wrong resulting in an infection. It is better to consult a doctor and have a thorough examination to check if everything is fine. An infection should never be ignored and so should any symptoms relating to it.

Discharge After IUI

It is fairly common to have some discharge after going through the IUI procedure as the semen may leak from the vagina. This is usually not to be of any concern as it is absolutely normal to have it even after sex. However, a doctor should be consulted if anything unusual is noticed as it is always better to discuss things rather than worrying about it unnecessarily. Patients should be advised properly as what to expect after the process so as to avoid any confusion.


This is common if there is only slight spotting after the procedure as any natural pregnancy can also have it particularly during the implantation phase. Spotting can occur just after the procedure for up to 12 weeks of pregnancy as the egg will continue to make its place within the uterine lining and will attack to it.

What are the Success Rates of IUI?

Any fertility treatment cannot guarantee you 100% success but there are fairly increased chances of conception if you go through a process every month. The success rates have been reported as high as 20% depending on the female’s age, cause of infertility and various other factors. It is also thought that the chances can be increased if you relax and do not get stressed throughout the procedure as stress may hinder the conception chances.

The success of IUI is only known after successful implantation has taken place. Like any natural occurring pregnancy, IUI will be successful after a week of the ovulation process. Blood test is the earliest way to know if you have conceived or not while urine test takes time for the detection of the hCG hormone.

Other symptoms of having conceived include implantation bleeding, tender breasts, nausea, missed period, cravings, and high body temperature. All these will build your excitement as soon as you notice them after going through the IUI process. However, it is advised to stay calm and do not expect success in the first go as you may have to face disappointment later. It is always better to e surprised rather than losing hope.

Khadija Ahmad

An author at Ask Health News, Khadija has good experience in Health And Physical Education and delivers her research work to entertain readers. Her words reflect creativity and intellect as she succeeds in shaping them into interesting articles for readers. Email: khadija@askhealthnews.com

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