In-Vitro Fertilization has helped millions of couples to have babies since its invention in 1978. It has higher success rates as compared to IUI as it uses advanced technology.
While IVF is a complex procedure to make babies through assisted technology, it also has certain risk factors. We will be discussing the pros and cons of having IVF babies in the article.
People from around the world have benefited from the IVF procedure as they were unable to have a successful pregnancy naturally. The procedure has made a dream come true for millions of people otherwise having fertility problems which is a huge success undoubtedly. IVF helps in the following cases.
Blocked Fallopian Tubes
IVF brings hope of having a couple child for women with blocked or fallopian tubes. The process allows women to use their own eggs.
Low Ovarian Reserve
Women fall short of healthy eggs as they age and some even have low ovarian reserve in early age. IVF is an effective method to utilize what they already have and make use of them to have babies.
Male infertility does not allow a woman to have babies naturally for which IVF is an ideal process to opt for. There are laboratory techniques such as ICSI to inject sperm into the egg if it is not capable of fertilizing on its own.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a very common infertility condition in which women face many problems regarding reproduction. Some women may also have successful pregnancies with PCOS while others will have trouble conceiving naturally. IVF allows for a successful conception in case of failed ovulation induction.
Endometriosis is a complicated health disorder in which the womb lining builds outside the womb. IVF has been proved successful in sub cases as well.
Premature Ovarian Failure
Women can use donor eggs if they suffer from premature ovarian failure to conceive wuth the help of IVF.
Many a times the cause of infertility remains unknown even after investigation. IVF may help in such cases and patients can benefit greatly.
What are the Risks of IVF Procedure?
IVF is an artificial reproductive treatment for people having difficulty in conceiving. It does not guarantee 100% success in the first attempt as patients have to go for more than one cycle often. It is important to understand this as a real fact and be hopeful that it will work.
Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome
This is one if the rare risks associated with IVF as the ovaries are stimulated artificially with the help of medicines and injections.
Multiple Pregnancy Chances
There are high chances of having multiple embryos fertilized which are then put into the uterus. This increases the chances of multiple pregnancies which again has risks for the mother and baby. It can result in premature labour and miscarriage too and therefore clinics should take care of such cases and carefully monitor them.
Risk of Ectopic Pregnancy
Although the chances of ectopic pregnancy is there in any natural pregnancy but it increases slightly with IVF. Women having damaged fallopian tubes may have greater risk of facing an ectopic pregnancy which has to be terminated in any case.
High Oestrogen Levels Increase Chances of Premature Birth
IVF is associated with a higher risk of premature births and babies with low birth weight. This happens because of the higher levels of oestrogen levels with hyper stimulation of ovaries. This is why natural and mild IVF is chosen to have more chances of live birth, full term pregnancy, and a healthy baby.
IVF is very expensive because of the assisted reproductive technology used ti achieve pregnancy. Also, it should be kept in mind that few people get success in the very first cycle while others have to repeat the process to try again.
People may have ethical issues with the procedure of IVF as some embryos are selected while others are discarded. It is therefore important to go through all the pros and cons of the procedure before opting for it.
What are the Side Effects After IVF?
After having IVF successful, a woman may have some side effects which are almost the same as any natural pregnancy.
- Mild cramps
- Mild bloating
- Breast tenderness
- Shortness of breath
- Weight gain
- Severe stomach pains
Also, there may be side effects of fertility medicines such as headaches, abdominal bloating, hot flashes, mood swings, and abdominal pain.
Women should immediately see a doctor if they experience serious side effects such as vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, blood in the urine, and fever.
Additional Risks of IVF
- Apart from the mild side effects of IVF, there are some serious risks associated with the procedure.
- Retrieving the eggs from ovaries can cause bleeding and damage to the bladder or bowel which may also result in an infection.
- The risk of having multiple pregnancies also increases the risk of having babies with low birth weight and premature births.
- The risk of miscarriage is the same as naturally occuring pregnancy but age increases the risk furthermore.
- Assisted reproductive techniques can have a major impact on you emotionally, physically, and financially. Stress is a common factor if the procedure is unsuccessful.
What is the Success Rate of IVF?
IVF procedure can be highly successful with women less than 35 years of age whereas the chances of conception decrease with increased age. The reproductive history, cause of infertility, and other lifestyle factors also contribute to how successful will the process be.
The rate of live birth can still be generalized as 41-43% for age under 35, 33-36% for age 35-37, 23-27% for age under 37-40, and 13-18% for age over 40.
Is It Really Worth the Cost?
Knowing all the risks of an assisted reproductive technology can make you doubtful whether you should really go for it or not. Although the process may drain you physically, emotionally, and financialy, it is still worth every penny that will bring you joy in having your own child years later from now.
It is worth a try if everything else has failed for you and your partner and your age does not allow you to wait trying to concieve naturally.
The first test tube baby was born in 1978 and since then people have benefitted from the technique. The numbers are growing every year as more people get awared of the process and its success. So, there is actually no harm in trying if you are financially ready for it.
Another thing is that you should not give up when you have already chosen your way through IVF as that counts most.
Couple may also need support from their family and friends throughout the process to keep your hopes and stamina high. However, there will be people advising you against such treatments and it is totally your choice to let them interfere in your decision or not.
While you may opt for remaining child free in the coming years, the success rates of assisted reproductive techniques will also decrease significantly and you may no longer have a choice. Choose whatever you want to with all you heart and mind.