Diabetes is one of the chronic health disorders which affects every blood vessel in the body. The heart, brain, eyes, and kidneys all are badly affected if the blood sugar levels are high.
The good news is that you may be able to prevent diabetes if blood pressure, blood cholesterol, and sugar spikes are all under control.
Importance of Diabetes Testing
Diabetes testing is important if you are experiencing symptoms, are overweight, or have it in your family history. Early diagnosis can help you reverse your condition naturally whereas delaying the treatment will keep your health at stake and it will be harder to maintain healthy blood sugar levels without medication.
Some of the common tests for diabetes diagnosis are HA1C test, Plasma glucose test, and oral glucose tolerance test.
Hemoglobin A1C Test
The HA1C test gives the blood sugar levels for the past 3 months. If the value are maintained at 7% or less, you are less likely to suffer from diabetes related symptoms. People are diagnosed with the disease if they have more than 7% HA1C results.
However, exercising regularly can significantly lower the values to below 7%. It is also recommended to repeat the test to see what difference is made by the changing lifestyle. This keeps tou motivated and attain healthier lifestyle as required by your condition.
This test is also used for making adjustments in diabetes medicines by evaluating the blood sugar levels over the past 12 weeks. Home blood sugar monitoring is also required to make a better evaluation of your condition.
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
Fasting plasma glucose test is the most convenient blood sugar test to diagnose diabetes as it is less expensive as compared to other diabetes tests. It is a simple test that requires fasting overnight for 10-12 hours after which blood is drawn in the morning.
The normal blood sugar levels rand from 70 to 100 mg/dl whereas crossing the upper limit puts you in the impaired blood sugar group. 100 to 126 mg/dl is the range for impaired blood sugar or pre diabetes and higher than 126 mg/dl is diagnosed with diabetes.
Random Plasma Glucose Test
The random glucose test measures the blood sugar levels regardless of the time when last meal was taken. The test does bot require fasting and can be taken at any time of the day. Glucose levels ranging higher than 200 mg/dl indicate that the person is diabetic.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Another test for diabetes evaluation is the oral glucose tolerance test. This test is usually done for pregnant women to diagnose gestational diabetes. Also, this test is more likely to be done if a person has normal fasting blood sugar otherwise.
Diabetes Testing in Children
Diabetes can have no symptoms sometimes until it is diagnosed while having tests for some other condition. Children should be monitored if their blood sugar levels are higher than normal and lie in the pre diabetes range. Specific diet and lifestyle changes should be made if a child is prone to having diabetes and is overweight or obese.
Understand your Diabetes Diagnosis
Diabetes is a deadly disease that can affect your overall health badly. It is important to understand your diagnosis and realize what changes should be made to improve your condition. Choosing the right foods along with exercises to carry in your daily routine can help you prevent or maintain chronic diseases.
Also, maintaining a healthy weight and lowering your stress levels can have a positive impact on your health. Even living with diabetes will be easier if your health is maintained through a healthy lifestyle overall.