Healthcare

A Complete Guide to PCOS Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome is very common among women as a result of hormonal imbalance and metabolic disorders. The reproductive hormones get disrupted which also cause many other health problems.

The PCOS condition is not treatable as it can only be managed through a healthy lifestyle and diet.

How Common is PCOS?

At least 1 in every 10 women suffers from PCOS nowadays. There is much more awareness among women of the reproductive ages about PCOS and how to manage it effectively.

Women join groups where they can get emotional support and high morale for fighting their condition.

What is the Exact Cause of PCOS?

A healthy reproductive cycle occurs when women get their egg released every month as a result of ovulation. This regulates all other systems as well as the hormones remain in balance.

The menstrual cycle should be regular and women should get at least 10 cycles in a year which is considered normal.

The exact cause of PCOS is not known yet but it has a strong relation with factors such as genetics, lifestyle, dietary habits, and obesity.

Weight gain can make the problem worse as the hormones get out of balance and cause malfunctioning of the ovaries not letting them release an egg successfully. This results in mature eggs left out in the ovaries and formation of cysts or fluid filles sacs.

What are the Common Symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS can be mild, moderate, or severe and nothing has been known as the specific cause of evaluating why some women have more severe PCOS than others.

Some of the symptoms commonly faced by women include hirsutism, irregular periods, male pattern baldness, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, acne, dandruff, anxiety, high cholesterol levels, diabetes type 2, decresed libido, and insulin resistance.

How is PCOS Diagnosed?

Polycystic ovary syndrome can be diagnosed through blood tests if a woman is experiencing some of the symptoms related to the condition.

A doctor may still require a medical history and physical examination along with other blood tests to evaluate if you have PCOS. Also, an ultrasound will be done to see for the condition of ovaries and uterus.

Is There any Treatment of Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome has no cure which makes a woman devastated on knowing about the condition as some struggle really hard with the symptoms. Undoubtedly, Pcos is not easy to fight with as there is a havoc in life to face with it.

The treatment for PCOS depends on whether pregnancy is to be achieved or is it just for balancing hormones. Polycystic ovary syndrome also decreases the chances of pregnancy for some women and it also gets harder to maintain the pregnancy as there is more risk of miscarriage.

Birth Pills – Contraceptive pills are the first line treatment foe balancing hormones as they suppress male hormones also known as androgens or testosterone to be more specific.

However, women have to get off the pill when pregnancy has to be achieved as the hormones will first take some time to get back to normal and then ovulation will make conception possible.

Diabetes Medication – Women are often prescribed with the medicine to keep their glucose levels in balance.

Metformin is the most commonly used medicine to regulate the cycles and make ovulation more regular. The medicine has also effects on weight as women tend to lose pounds easily with it.

Fertility Medications – Women are prescribed with fertility medicines when they have already tried for achieving pregnancy for a year or so naturally and they want it sooner.

Clomid is the most successful medicine known for regulating ovulation as it stimulates the ovaries and matures eggs to increase the chances of pregnancy.

The doctor usually recommends making use of those cycles when you are on clomid as regular sex will make up for fertilizing the eggs released.

The only drawback of having such fertility medicines is that they increase the chance of having multiple babies.

Fertility Treatments – PCOS patients can also benefit from fertility treatments such as IUI, IVF, and ICSI. These are all assisted reproductive technologies known to help couples achieving pregnancy and have children of their own.

Fertility treatments have fertility medicines included in the procedure to increase the chances of conception and make use of every likelihood.

There may be some side effects of the fertility treatments because of which people have reservations. Know all you want about Intrauterine insemination and in Vitro Fertilization in the article to have a better understanding.

Surgical Operations for Treating PCOS

PCOS is a complex disorder which may require different treatments for different women. The surgical operations include ovarian drilling, oophorectomy, hysterectomy, and cyst aspiration.

Ovarian drilling involves drilling the ovaries to make tiny holes. This is done to lower the levels of androgens in the body. Oophorectomy is a surgery which removes the affected ovary.

Hysterectomy is the removal of uterus or any part of it that has been affected.

Cyst aspiration is the surgery involving removing of the fluid in cysts to reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome.

Dietary Tips for Women with PCOS

Women will be glad to know about the life interventions they can make to improve their condition with polycystic ovary syndrome. Following some tips can change your life with pcos but this will also need a lot of determination.

  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and keep your diet balanced.
  • Get physically active as regular exercise can help your metabolism levels boost.
  • Lose weight as this will bring back your hormones in balance and also significantly reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
  • Do not smoke as it is injurious to your overall health and has a bad impact on your hormones.

How Does PCOS Increase Risk for Pregnant Women?

Pregnant women with PCOS are at high risk of miscarriage mainly because of their hormone levels being in a havoc. Gestational diabetes, preeclamlsia, and preterm birth are also other risk factors associated with PCOS.

Some women having PCOS will continue to have successfull pregnancy without any complications while some are more likely to suffer from the risk factors.

It is recommended to follow up your doctor’s appointments regularly to have your pregnancy monitored under professional supervision.

How Does Diabetic Diet Benefit PCOS Patients

The diet favourable for diabetics is more or less suitable for women with PCOS as they are also likely to have high glucose levels and insulin resistance.

The diabetes medication along with the diabetic diet can bring along positive changes in your life.

Also, low carb diets or keto diet has been studied to have positive effects on PCOS as carbohydrates are the enemy of already disrupted hormones.

Bottom Line

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a very common condition in women of reproductive ages. It has become more common recently because of the unhealthy lifestyle. It is crucially important to realize that PCOS will only get worse if you continue with your sedentary lifestyle.

Women should eat well and exercise regularly to maintain their health as PCOS directly affects your overall health and immune system. It should be noted that the condition is nothing but a common condition which can be managed only if you act wise.

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