Men's Health

Male Infertility Guide – Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Fertility is often talked about relating it with women. Most couples who have been unable to achieve pregnancy focus on the woman’s health. It should be realized that men are equal contributors in conception and they may also have an underlying problem with fertility.

Urologists and male infertility specialists are now consulted more than the past days as people have started realizing how important is the male fertility factor and it is not always the woman to blame.

Fertility has been a taboo for women mostly because it is thought that only a woman needs to make changes in her diet, body and life in order to make all right.

Factors Contributing to Male Infertility

Factors for male infertility are mainly because of abnormal testosterone and sperm levels. Testosterone is a male hormone responsible for regulating the reproductive functions in males and maintaining libido.

However, women also have this male hormone to maintain their libido which is dominated by the female hormone, estrogen. Sperm abnormalities can have serious male infertility effects as it is not always possible to treat them always.

Miscarriages are also not to be blamed on females as males have their part in it. Males can be equally responsible for having recurrent miscarriages and problems with pregnancy.

It is noted that men do not often take care of their health routine as much as women do although it is crucially important for them to have a proactive role in conception.

Male infertility

Sperm Disorders

The sperms that have not grown fully, not moving in the right way, or are badly shaped will not be marked as healthy sperms.

Such disorders can occur from the time of birth or occur after usage of alcohol, drugs or medications. Azoospermia is the condition in which there are no sperms due to blockage of the duct.


Varicoceles are common in infertile men as they cause blockage of blood flow. This results in inappropriate growth of sperms and need further treatment after evaluation.

Retrograde Ejaculation

Ejaculation goes back into the bladder instead of passing out through the penis in this case. The semen may seem normal with this case but it cannot reach the penis which causes problems.

Immunologic Infertility

Antibodies can attack sperm production and movement which will affect male fertility. Also, it gets hard foe the sperm toove through the fallopian tubes of female reproductive tract.


Repeated infections and surgery can cause blockage of the male’s organs which does not allow the sperms to leave the male’s body through ejaculation.


The testicles are responsible for the sperm growth which is affected by low levels of the male hormones. The pituitary gland is responsible for signalling the brain and producing hormones.


Sperm carries DNA and half of the chromosomes come from male. Any changes in the structure of chromosomes can cause problems in fertility.


Sperm production is affected by various medications used for treating health disorders. Medications for Arthritis, depression, hypertension, cancer, digestive problems, and infections can change the hormones and sperms.

How is Male Infertility Diagnosed?

Male infertility is diagnosed by a urologist who will evaluate the condition with various tests. Further testing is required if the sperm analysis does not come out good. This will let know of any prominent factors contributing to the low sperm quality and ways to improve it.

Semen Analysis

Male infertility can be diagnosed initially with a semen sample analysis. The semen quality can be an indicator of a man’s overall health as sperms will be healthy if your health is good.

The sperm abnormalities can also be seen as its count, motility, and morphology. Having sperm levels lower than the normal range can indicate a problem. However, it is now possible to improve the quality of sperm by changing lifestyle and diet.

History and Physical Exam

A urologist will take history to evaluate all the factors responsible for infertility. Physical examination will also let know of other factors that may be causing problems. Any childhood illness, medications, surgeries may contribute to male infertility as the organs get affected.

Transrectal Ultrasound

The ejaculatory ducts are examined through a ln ultrasound to look for any blockages and malformations.

Testicular Biopsy

This method is used if the semen analysis shows that there are no sperm in the ejaculation. The biopsy looks for the cause of infertility when studied under a microscope.

Hormonal Profile

This is a basic blood examination to check for hormones. These tests are important for both males and females as they give a clear picture of how the pituitary gland is working.

How to Fuel Male Infertility?

There are ways to boost fertility in men although it may take some time to see noticable results. Men reaching out to fuel their fertility can actually support the goal of achieving pregnancy. This can be helpful if the couple is trying naturally or even if they are going through assisted reproductive technology.

Lifestyle Changes

Growing evidences have proved the importance of nutrition along with exercise and stress affecting your overall health and performance. Poor sperm quality has also been linked with smoking and drug usage.

Sperm has also been seen to affect the development of offspring as it is crucial to maintain good health for long term results. Losing weight has always had a positive impact on the health of males and females as the metabolism regulates all other functions of the body. Obesity puts a man at risk of infertility as the sperm parameters are negatively affected.

It is therefore important to follow a health routine involving regular physical activity and proper nutrition to fight obesity and maintain good health. Obesity has been seen to affect sex hormones directly and this also changes the genetics.

Get More Nutrition

A man’s sperm takes 3 months to fully mature and therefore it is recommended to make changes months prior trying to conceive. A healthy lifestyle should have its impact at least 3 months after you start following it.

Foods that can help in preparing good sperm should be included as part of the regular diet. This will bring changes in the sperm’s ability to attach and fertilize the embryo successfully.

Consume More Antioxidants

Sperms are dependent on antioxidants that are attained from external sources. Varying sources of antioxidants should go good for improving sperm and it is therefore necessary to include fresh fruits and vegetables in diet.

Low Mercury Fatty Fish

Fatty fish is an essential source of omega 3 fatty acids which play a vital role in producing healthy sperm. The fusion of egg and sperm takes good quality contributors so that fertilization occurs in a healthy way.

Limit Caffeine and Alcohol

Caffeine and alcohol intake is never good for your body particularly if there are problems faced already. Limiting the intake to a safe limit is always beneficial and will show improvements in health.

Bottom Line – Ofcourse It Takes Two to Tango

It is not only the job of a male or a female to make improvements in their lifestyle as it takes two to tango if conception is the goal. Working as a team will ay off better results than a single partner putting in continuous effort only. The whole trying to conceive and pregnancy process gets easier when both are equally interested in achieving the targets.

Khadija Ahmad

An author at Ask Health News, Khadija has good experience in Health And Physical Education and delivers her research work to entertain readers. Her words reflect creativity and intellect as she succeeds in shaping them into interesting articles for readers. Email: khadija@askhealthnews.com

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