Essential minerals should be in normal levels in the body to have a positive effect. Excess of the minerals will cause an overdose and can be dangerous. Similarly, magnesium overdose is termed as hypermagnesemia.
Role of Magnesium in the Body
Magnesium is an essential mineral used for several biochemical processes in the body. Normal magnesium levels in blood should be in the range of 1.7-2.3 mg/dl. Ranging higher than 2.6 mg/dl is alarming as it can cause failure of health organs such as kidneys.
It is important to study the symptoms and causes of magnesium overdose to prevent the condition. Supplements can cause the overdose as it contains a particular quantity which may combine with the diet and become in excess for the body to use.
Magnesium is vital for the body as it perform several functions such as nerve function, protein synthesis, heart health, energy production, muscle function, blood sugar maintenance, and blood pressure maintenance.
Studies have also proved that magnesium can be useful in treating headaches, heart disease, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Symptoms of Magnesium Overdose
If there is excessive magnesium absorbed by the body, you may experience symptoms of hypermagnesemiasymptoms of hypermagnesemia. The symptoms may be mild or severe depending on the dose taken.
Having lethargy, face flushing, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramps, muscle weakness, depression, muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat, urine retention, breathing difficulties, and cardiac arrest.
Causes of Magnesium Overdose
How likely is it to have an overdose of Magnesium? You do not need to be concerned usually as the dietary source of magnesium will not likely cause any harm. Rarely will an overdose of magnesium become severe in healthy people. You may suffer from mild symptoms if an overdose occurs which should be noted before it gets worst.
The kidneys are responsible for flushing out excess magnesium from the body. People with kidney failure struggle with magnesium overdose as their body absorbs too much magnesium. Magnesium toxicity is caused by medications such as antacids and laxatives. Doctors advise people to avoid such supplements that can cause overdose of magnesium if they are at risk.
Risk Factors of Magnesium Overdose
Certain factors increase the risk of magnesium overdose including kidney failure, hypothyroidism, gastrointestinal disorder, and supplements. It is important to avoid taking any such supplements containing magnesium which may contribute to the overdose.
There are treatment methods for magnesium overdose which can help treat the symptoms as well. Dialysis, diuretics, and intravenous fluids are the most common first line treatments.
Magnesium Deficiency in the Body
Magnesium deficiency is more common than its overdose as humans usually do not get much of it through diet. The deficiency is caused by certain risk factors including age, crohn’s disease, celiac disease, alcohol use, medications, and diabetes.
Food Sources of Magnesium
There are plenty of food sources of magnesium that can help you overcome mild magnesium deficiency. Legumes, black beans, kidney beans, almonds, cashews, peanuts, peanut butter, brown rice, oats, potatoes, spinach, breakfast cereals, soy milk, milk, and yogurt.
Supplements can be helpful to overcome magnesium deficiency but precaution should be taken to avoid overdose.
Magnesium is a mineral used for various functions in the body. It is required for general well being and can be obtained from various food sources.
Rarely people suffer from magnesium overdose but it is still possible to have magnesium toxicity if tou take supplements or medications containing magnesium.
Early diagnosis should be made if you are experiencing magnesium overdose symptoms to make treatments effective in early stage.