The pain occuring in lower abdomen depends on various causes. Some causes are benign and are not of any concern. Other causes can be serious and should not be ignored as there can be an infection.\r\nCauses of Pain in Lower Abdomen\r\nThe pain in left and right side of the abdomen can have different causes depending on what the symptoms are. Let us first discuss the causes of left side abdominal area.\r\n\r\nDiverticulitis\r\n\r\nDiverticulitis is a condition that affects left side of the lower abdomen. It occurs in the area of large intestine which is weak and small pouches get infected in the intestinal wall and therefore cause pain. This condition is more common in adults but even younger people can get affected with it.\r\n\r\nDiverticula can cause pain while eating or after eating a meal. Apart from the pain caused, there are additional symptoms that indicate presence of diverticula such as vomiting, nausea, fever, bloating, and tenderness in the abdominal area.\r\n\r\nCeliac Disease\r\n\r\nThe indigestion of gluten can cause a chronic condition known as celiac disease. Gluten is present in most foods and celiac disease can make the digestion difficult. The portions of intestine get affected and struggle with vitamin deficiencies.\r\n\r\nChildren can get affected with celiac disease to make them malnourished and impeded growth. Other symptoms of the condition are bloating, gas, pain and pressure in the abdomen, weight loss, and diarrhea.\r\n\r\nLactose intolerance\r\n\r\nSome people have trouble digesting milk based products as their body is lactose intolerant. The condition is caused by the lack of lactase enzyme in the body which breaks down lactose from the milk. The pain caused by lactose intolerance in usually felt in the lower left abdominal area.\r\n\r\nTherefore, such people have more lactose in their bloodstream which causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, gas pain, diarrhea, nausea, and growling stomach.\r\n\r\nIndigestion\r\n\r\nThe buildup of acid in the digestion system after eating causes indigestion. Usually indigestion is mild but the symptoms should not be ignored which include burning sensation, heartburn, bloating, and gas. There are products to releive indigestion that may be bought online or otherwise from the stores.\r\n\r\nShingles\r\n\r\nMost people have chicken pox at least once in their lives and the virus stays dormant in their body after that. Shingles is a condition that is caused by the chicken pox virus.\r\n\r\nA rash can occur around the abdomen and cause pain if that virus reappears at any stage. The symptoms of shingles are blisters, rash, skin tenderness, and itching.\r\n\r\nIntestinal Gas\r\n\r\nGas can get trapped while eating foods as air is swallowed. Usually the gas is passed naturally through the rectum or esophagus and does not cause harm. However, it may only cause temporary discomfort until the gas is passed.\r\n\r\nThe common causes of gas can be indigestion of foods, foods that are likely to cause gas, smoking, bacteria, swallowing air, chewing gum, and overeating.\r\n\r\nSerious concerns arise when the gas is associated with other symptoms such as constipation, vomiting, diarrhea, bloody stools, weight loss, and heart burn.\r\n\r\nThese symptoms should be reported to a doctor immediately as the frequent gas may cause more discomfort and pain if not treated.\r\n\r\nInflammatory Bowel Disease\r\n\r\nInflammation can be caused in the digestive system as a result of chronic conditions including crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.\r\n\r\nThe exact cause of pain occuring in these conditions is still not known but the common symptoms include bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. Fever and weight loss can also occur which should not be taken easy.\r\n\r\nConstipation\r\n\r\nConstipation is the moat common reason why people feel abdominal pain. The inability to pass stool causes constipation which often occurs because of inactivity and poor diet.\r\n\r\nCommon symptoms include straining the abdomen to push out stool, lumpy or hard stool, and having less than 3 bowel movements in a week.\r\n\r\nIntestinal Obstruction\r\n\r\nAn intestinal obstruction blocks the digestive tract as food cannot pass through it. Older adults suffer more from this condition and should be given medical attention for treatment. The symptoms are inability to pass stool, abdominal pain, constipation, vomiting, and distention.\r\n\r\nAppendicitis\r\n\r\nThe lower right abdominal area may be painful because of appendicitis. This is caused by inflammation of the appendix which may become severe. Other symptoms of this condition are fever, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, nausea, and vomiting.\r\n\r\nKidney Stones\r\n\r\nKidney stones can develop in the left or eight kidney and may cause painful symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, painful urination, blood in urine, fever, and frequent urination.\r\n\r\nIrritable Bowel Syndrome\r\n\r\nIrritable bowel syndrome is a chronic gastrointestinal syndrome which may cause pain in the abdomen and other symptoms include constipation, gas, bloating, and pressure in the abdomen.\r\nFemale Related Causes\r\nMenstrual Cramps\r\n\r\nWomen can experience pain in the lower abdomen accompanied by other symptoms including headaches, back ache, nausea, and leg pain.\r\n\r\nOvarian Cysts\r\n\r\nCysts can develop in the ovaries to cause dull or even sharp pain. The symptoms may include pain during sex, bloating, heavy periods, and difficulty while urinating.\r\n\r\nEndometriosis\r\n\r\nEndometriosis is the condition in which the tissue of womb lining occurs either in the stomach or ovaries. This can be a chronic condition which may cause other severe symptoms such as period pain, nausea, heavy period, and pain while urinating or emptying bowels.\r\n\r\nPelvic Inflammatory Disease\r\n\r\nThe genital tract is prone to infections which may also cause pain during sex, during urination, and during periods.\r\n\r\nEctopic Pregnancy\r\n\r\nAn ectopic pregnancy is the condition when the egg is fertilized outside the womb usually in the fallopian tubes. Symptoms are missed periods, vaginal bleeding, shoulder pain, nausea, and diarrhea.\r\n\r\nOvarian Torsion\r\n\r\nThis is the twisting of ovaries which causes severe pain in the abdomen. It can restrict blood flow and cause lain during sex, nausea, and abnormal periods.\r\nMale Related Causes\r\nHernia\r\n\r\nHernia is a condition which occurs when an organ pushes the abdominal wall. The cause of hernia can differ and it is important to consult a doctor for examination.\r\n\r\nA lump can form near the groin and other symptoms can occur such as pain while lifting weight, feeling of fullness, and pressure in the abdominal area.\r\n\r\nTesticular Torsion\r\n\r\nIn males, the spermatic cords are attached to the testicles which can get twisted and cause pain.\r\n\r\nHow is it Diagnosed?\r\n\r\nThe lower abdominal area may suffer from severe pain and should be evaluated by a doctor foe further diagnosis. CT scan, ultrasound, MRI scan, endoscopy, and physical examinations are all part of identifying the underlying cause.\r\n\r\nOnce the cause is determined, a specialist will be able to take care of the patient and his condition through the appropriate treatment.\r\n\r\nHow Should Lower Abdominal Pain be Treated?\r\n\r\nThe underlying cause will further guide about the treatment needed for a patient. Structural disorders can be treated with the help of surgery whereas infection related causes will be treated through antibiotics.\r\n\r\nOther common digestive disorders including constipation and gas can be treated with dietary and lifestyle changes.\r\n\r\nWhen Should You See A Doctor?\r\n\r\nAny additional symptoms occuring with abdominal pain should be evaluated thoroughly by a doctor to rule out any serious causes. A doctor will then be able to choose the right treatment for the condition to relieve pain.