Swelling of Face – What are the Causes and Symptoms You Should Never Ignore

What Causes Face Swelling?

Swelling of face can be caused by various reasons. A doctor can assess your symptoms and physical appearance better to tell about the potential causes behind swelling.


This condition can affect a person if there is a bacterial infection which have been persisting for long term. Although the condition is rare, it can still cause swelling in the face, stomach, and intestines.

High doses are needed for the treatment of actinomycosis. You should look for other symptoms indicating an infection such as coughing, chest pain, lumps on face, fever, skin sores, and weight loss.

Penicillin doses are given as a treatment for actinomycosis. People may also be given other antibiotics if they are allergic to penicillin.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

An allergic reaction can affect the eyes and cause inflammation. The allergens such as dust, pollen, pet dander, and mold spores are known to trigger the condition called allergic conjunctivitis. The inflamed eye caused in this condition can become red, itchy, and watery. Also, there will be swelling around the eyes causing puffiness.

A cold compress applied on the swollen area is the best way to treat inflammation or swelling. Also, steroid eye drops are available for the eyes. Moreover, care should be taken to avoid allergens as much as possible. Rubbing the eye should be avoided as it can trigger symptoms of inflammation again.


Anaphylaxis is a severe allergy that can become fatal if not treated at the right time. The reaction occurs as soon as you are exposed to the allergens. There are symptoms to take note of this reaction such as diarrhea, swelling of face, breathing difficulty, hives, itching, nausea, vomiting, high pulse, unconsciousness, and low blood pressure. A doctor will be able to relate the symptoms to the condition you have so it is better to get yourself examined as soon as possible.


Angioedema is swelling resulting from food, allergens or medication. Symptoms of the angioedema are swelling in face, hives, rash, itching, and stomach cramps.

Although the condition does not require emergency treatment if the symptoms are mild, it is better to avoid the allergens causing the reaction. Home treatment can be done with the help of a cold compress and wearing comfortable and loose clothes through which air can pass.

Broken Nose

The bone in nose can break if you had a fall or injury. The result of reaction occuring afterwards can be swollen face or swelling on side of nose. Symptoms apart from swelling of nose can include bruising, nosebleed, pain, and crooked nose.

The injury may heal on its own but it is still better to have yourself checked if the swelling is severe. Treatment for mild symptoms can include pain killers amd cold compresses whereas a surgery may be required in case of severe symptoms.


Bacterial infections can cause swelling of the face as well. The skin may become red and sore to cause pain when touched. The condition can be fatal if it is not treated on the right time. Other symptoms include fever, chills, and rash. The treatment for cellulitis involves antibiotics taken over the course of 5 days.

Cushing’s Syndrome

Excess of the cortisol hormone production in the body results in Cushing’s syndrome. People suffering from Cushing’s syndrome have puffier faces and thick hair on their body. Medications can be given as a treatment for reducing the levels of cortisol hormone in the body.

Drug Allergy

Drug allergies are common as the body may react adversely to various compounds. Common symptoms of drug allergies include fever, hives, rashes, stomach discomfort, high pulse rate, and breathing difficulty.

Doctors should be informed about any drug allergies you have so that they prescribe you accordingly. Alternatives are available for medicines that commonly trigger allergies in people. Certain antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs can cause allergic reactions in the body.


Hypothyroidism is a common condition nowadays in which the thyroid gland is under active and does not produce enough thyroid hormones to regulate several functions.

Swelling of the face can be a symptom of hypothyroidism which can be present along with other symptoms such as depression, dry skin, constipation, feeling cold, weak muscles, high cholesterol levels, low pulse, and weight gain.

Hypothyroid patients are often unaware of their condition. Therefore, it is very important to have a diagnosis sooner than later to avoid further complications. The symptoms should not be ignored in such a case and should get checked by a doctor to be on the safe side. Hypothyroid can only be managed through medications as it does not have a permanent cure.


Preeclampsia is a serious condition occuring in pregnancy. High blood pressure and protein traces in urine are the indicators of this condition. A pregnant woman cannot be left untreated with preeclampsia as it may be fatal for the baby and mother.

Other symptoms of preeclampsia include headache, abdominal pain, weight gain, swollen face, and vision changes. Preeclampsia is monitored closely by doctors to prevent any further complications.

Medications to decrease blood pressure levels or early delivery are the possible measures taken to resolve the severity. The stage of pregnancy is also taken into consideration when deciding how to treat preeclampsia.


The nasal passage can get inflamed to result in a condition called sinusitis. Bacterial infection or allergy can be the culprit behind sinusitis. The symptoms of sinusitis include swelling of nose and eyes. Other symptoms include fatigue, cough, headache, sore throat, fever, or runny nose.

The acupressure pressure sinus points on face can solve the problem. However, there are home remedies such as warm compress, steam therapy, and hydration to treat sinusitis. Bacterial infection may require an antibiotic course to treat the symptoms.

Tooth Infection

Dental problems are likely to cause swelling in the gums. Tooth infection can be painful and make the area tender. Home remedies can treat a mild infection and swelling by rinsing with salt water. However, a dentist may treat the infection with antibiotics and pain relievers.

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

Swelling caused because of the SVC syndrome is a serious condition. Superior vena cava is a vein that gets obstructed because of tumor. This does not allow blood flow from head and chest to the heart. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, coughing, and shortness of breath.

When to See a Doctor?

You should see a doctor is the swelling does not away after days or weeks of treatment. Also, the redness and itchiness may cause discomfort which should be discussed with a doctor.

Anaphylaxis and superior vena cava syndrome are the two fatal conditions which should not be ignored. Keep yourself of the symptoms of these conditions to prevent complications.

How to Prevent Swelling on Face?

Swelling can be prevented by having an eye on the symptoms and causes resulting in the condition. It is better to avoid allergens, foods that trigger allergies or infection, and certain medications to prevent swelling ans any adverse reaction.

Tooth infections can be prevented by taking care of oral hygiene. Brush and floss regularly to keep the plague away. Also, it is recommended to avoid stress and follow a healthy diet to be safe.

Khadija Ahmad

An author at Ask Health News, Khadija has good experience in Health And Physical Education and delivers her research work to entertain readers. Her words reflect creativity and intellect as she succeeds in shaping them into interesting articles for readers. Email: khadija@askhealthnews.com

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