Infertility can be a stressful journey. The struggle needs a lot of patience to accept the fact and fight. Males and females can suffer from infertility. There is no rule to say that either of them will be the cause for it in all cases. The reasons can differ and treatments are available to overcome most of the causes.
Knowing more about infertility can make people aware of the underlying causes of infertility. This eventually makes them able to cope with the stress and eliminate the factors causing infertility. While infertility has more commonly been associated with females, it is equally possible in males.
The guide to Male infertility has all information about the symptoms, causes, and treatment options available. Female infertility is more commonly discussed and women find the information regarding the issues easily. However, it is always advised to have a thorough check-up by your GP before you conclude your condition based on the symptoms.
What Causes Female Infertility?
Although female infertility is common nowadays, not all women know about the real causes behind it. Therefore, it is important to know more about the underlying cause and then move on to the treatment. Female infertility is comparatively easier to treat than males. The hormonal imbalance can be put into the balance with the help of medicines and even simple lifestyle changes.
Men can be treated for infertility depending on the cause but it usually takes a lot of time to deal with their hormones. Medicines and surgeries are available for different causes. It is advised that men and women should consider the best options.
Ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, or cervical issues are common causes behind female infertility. Moreover, the age factor can also be the cause of infertility as the eggs become weaker with age.
Also, polycystic ovaries are a very common reason for having problems with ovulation. This happens in the result of hormonal imbalance as the glands do not work to produce a balance of them. This makes the male hormones dominant in the female body which results in excessive hair growth and other symptoms.
Ovulation is disrupted because of various reasons such as hormonal imbalance, tumor, cyst, eating disorders, alcohol abuse, thyroid disorders, stress, being overweight, intense physical workout, or short menstrual cycles.
Ovulation has to occur in order to make a woman fertile. Problems with the release of an egg in every cycle can cause the whole body malfunction.
Blocked Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes are the gateway to the uterus and ovaries. They connect both the organs and make fertilization possible. Blocked fallopian tubes can cause problems with ovulation as well.
The cause for fallopian tubes blockage is an infection, fibroids, polyps in the uterus, medical illness, birth defect, ectopic pregnancy history, or scar tissue. All these factors can cause infertility as they interfere with the normal ovulation function.
Cervical mucus can be a reason for infertility. The mucus can become unfriendly for the sperm to move forward towards the egg for fertilization. The delay can make the sperm incompetent and unable to penetrate the egg even if reaches it.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a very common condition nowadays. Hormones are mainly the reason for the cysts around ovaries which causes furthermore problems. The cysts are fluid-filled bags. The condition can be mild or severe depending on the effects. Learn more about polycystic ovary syndrome causes and treatments in the guide.
How is Female Infertility Diagnosed?
Infertility is diagnosed if the symptoms become painful or a woman is unable to conceive. Most often, women are unaware of their infertility until they want to become pregnant. The symptoms may not always become obvious if tests are not conducted.
A physical exam and medical history are the two main ways to diagnose infertility. The tests are performed to evaluate the condition and the type of treatment needed.
Urine and blood tests are done to see if there is an infection or hormonal problem. The breast and pelvis are also examined in case there is any external problem. Moreover, cervical mucus is also examined to see if ovulation occurs or not. The mucus is a good sign to show if ovulation is occurring regularly.
A laparoscope is also used to look for internal problems. The organs are examined through the instrument to see if there is any blockage. X-ray is also taken in cases when blockage of fallopian tubes is suspected. Uterine abnormalities are examined with the help of a tiny telescope.
Also, ultrasounds are used to examine uterus and ovaries. Apart from these tests, women can also track ovulation through different methods to help the doctor in the assessment.
Treatments for Female Infertility
Methods of treatment for female infertility differ according to the cause. Hormonal therapy is the most common treatment in most cases. Replacing or balancing the hormones may correct what is wrong within the body. Medicines for triggering ovulation can help overcome the failure of egg release.
Also, supplements are available to enhance your system and make it fertile. Antibiotics are also used in order to treat infections that are causing any problems. Minor surgery is needed if there are blockages in the reproductive organs.
Is it Possible to Prevent Infertility?
Genetic problems cannot be treated as there is no way to correct their system. However, infertility can be prevented if the causes are different. Steps can be taken to avoid infertility.
Drugs and alcohol should be avoided decreasing the possibility of infertility in both men and women. Good hygiene practices can keep your health optimal. Also, it is advised to take steps to prevent diseases that are transmitted sexually.
When to See a Doctor?
It is recommended for women to visit a gynecologist once they are sexually active. This will help to prevent infections and treat them at the right time. Moreover, other health issues such as abdominal pain, abdominal bleeding, fever, unusual discharge, painful intercourse, vaginal soreness, or itching.
Some couples look for more reliable options for treating infertility. However, there are assisted reproductive methods available for conceiving successfully, people try natural remedies more often.
Also, healthy lifestyle changes are good for bringing your whole body in shape. Other methods such as intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilization are more advanced options to look for in future. Knowing more about these procedures before opting for them is better to know what to expect.
Every option should be considered step by step in order to see what works best for you. It should also be noted that every woman is different and so is her body. The body reacts differently in different cases.