A new study suggests that the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) increases with fat accumulation in the abdomen. The journal of The North American Menopause Society published the results of the study recently.
Weight gain is no longer considered as the only reason why a person may suffer from heart disease. The location of fat matters and is what increases the risk of coronary disease significantly. It was studied that the body mass index (BMI) is no longer the only predictor of assessing the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD).
The leading cause of deaths worldwide is given attention to asses the risk factors. Studies are conducted to know more about the modifiable risk factors of CAD.
Women were told that they could have coronary artery disease if they gained weight. However, it is not clear if overall weight gain is the only factor for increasing the risk of heart disease. Men are at an increased risk of having CAD as compared to women. This is because of the estrogen hormone in women before menopause saves them. Although the hormones take a shift after menopause, women tend to experience many other health changes.
Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease
Premenopausal women have higher levels of estrogen hormone which saves them from CAD to an extent. Although there are other risk factors of the disease such as obesity.
Obesity is a leading cause of CAD as it interferes with the functions. It causes insulin resistance, endothelial cell dysfunction, and coronary atherosclerosis.
These problems increase the risk of other diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Such diseases destroy overall health and cause painful symptoms.
Previously, studies indicated overall obesity to be the reason for heart disease. Central obesity is defined as waist circumference or abdominal fat.
New studies have compared the effects of overall obesity and central obesity on the body. The results were different from what we have heard before.
It was observed that the body mass index is no longer the indicator of coronary artery disease. The new study included 700 Korean women participants to demonstrate how coronary artery disease occurred.
The risk of CAD was higher in women with central obesity. The results were not based on overall obesity. Moreover, body mass index (BMI) did not make any significant difference. The body mass index is just an estimate of your weight according to height.
The BMI used to indicate a normal and healthy weight for men and women. But now, studies have declared abdominal fat to be a more accurate way of assessing overall health.
How do Hormones Increase Risk of Coronary Artery Disease in Women?
The results of the study specified women because they experienced menopause and abdominal fat accumulation. The findings are similar to what we have always known about central obesity.
The detrimental effects of obesity on the heart cannot be denied. The fat distribution in a woman’s body changes after menopause which is what increases the risk of coronary artery disease.
The study signifies the importance of lifestyle changes for women with excess abdominal fat. Interventions should also be made in the dietary habits regardless of the body mass index.
The findings also showed that even women with normal body mass index were at an increased risk of heart disease because of the lower body fat.
The sedentary lifestyle is causing problems for men and women both nowadays. However, women have a greater risk of coronary artery disease because of the hormonal changes they go through. The hormones make women have more fat around their waist.