How Moderate Amount of Red Wine Increase Gut Bacterial Diversity?

As per the new research, drinking moderate amount of red wine may help to increase the overall bacterial diversity and health of the human gut.

A moderate admission of red wine may ensure the strength of our guts. Numerous logical examinations have investigated the supposed advantages of red wine use.

There are many studies which support the finding that red wine helps to improve the condition of the heart. However, on the other hand, they are many other studies too which supports the idea of a positive association between red wine and depression or oral health. To gain the advantages of red wine up to a maximum level, one should drink it in moderation.

New research adds to the list of red wine’s conceivable medical advantages. An observational study, whose first author is Caroline Le Roy from King’s College London in the United Kingdom, inspected the gut strength of red wine consumers and contrasted it with that of individuals who drank different kinds of alcohol.

The specialists found a more noteworthy decent variety of bacterial species in the guts of red wine consumers compared with the individuals who did not drink red wine. More prominent bacterial assorted variety is a marker of gut health.

The research team was lead by Le Roy who published their research in the journal Gastroenterology.

Are Polyphenols the main key behind healthy gut health?

The researchers chose 916 female twins participants to analyze the effect of white wine, beer, red wine, spirit and cider on the bacterial gut and overall health.

The group also considered other factors too like age, weight, diet, and socioeconomic status. Even after considering the above-mentioned factors, still, the researchers found a link between bacterial diversity and the use of red wine.

After the analysis, researchers concluded that people who used red wine had increased number of bacteria with low risk of obesity and cholesterol as compared to the people who refrained from drinking red wine. The specialists affirmed these discoveries more than three distinct associates which are located in the U.K., the Netherlands, and the United States.

The lead author of the study says, “While we have long known of the unexplained benefits of red wine on heart health.”

He further said: “This study shows that moderate red wine consumption is associated with greater diversity and healthier gut microbiota that partly explains its long-debated beneficial effects on health.”

A professor named Tim Spector from King’s College London also analyzed the study and commented on the importance of this research. He explained that polyphenols must be playing a key role in the major benefits of red wine.

He says, “This is one of the largest ever studies to explore the effects of red wine in the guts of nearly 3,000 people in three different countries and provides insights that the high levels of polyphenols in the grape skin could be responsible for much of the controversial health benefits when used in moderation.”

Polyphenols are a naturally occurring chemical compound in the plants. Flavonoids and phenolic acids are important derivatives of polyphenols.

There are many fruits and vegetables which are found to be rich in polyphenols. They provide a rich source of antioxidants for fighting off the cell damage. As per the study, polyphenols may speed up the production of friendly microbiota in the gut.

There are many pre-existing studies which support the recent findings, suggesting that polyphenols may be the key behind a variety of cardio and metabolic health conditions like heart disease, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

Consumption of red wine must be in moderate amount

Despite the positive findings, researchers cautioned the people that this was only an observational study. In simple words, the authors still cannot confirm these interesting benefits of red wine on gut microbiota. Thus the advice the people that “moderation is the key.”

The lead author, professor Spector says, “Although we observed an association between red wine consumption and the gut microbiota diversity, drinking red wine rarely, such as once every 2 weeks, seems to be enough to observe an effect.”

While on the other hand, Professor Tim Spector says, “If you must choose one alcoholic drink today, red wine is the one to pick as it seems to potentially exert a beneficial effect on you and your gut microbes, which in turn may also help weight and risk of heart disease. However, it is still advised to consume alcohol with moderation.”

Adeena Tariq

Adeena's professional life has been mostly in hospital management, while studying international business in college. Of course, she now covers topics for us in health.

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