The new research discovers the positive side of bariatric surgery for obese people. According to NIH’s data of 2013-2014, there are more than 1 in 3 people in the United States who have higher BMI and are obese or overweight.
Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, coronary illness, and stroke are just a portion of the health problems linked to obesity.
New research displayed at the European Society of Cardiology Congress, which occurred, this year, in Paris, France, proposes that bariatric, or weight loss, surgery can lessen the danger of untimely mortality and cardiovascular issues more than standard therapeutic consideration.
Dr. Steven Nissen, Chief Academic Officer of the Heart and Vascular Institute at the Cleveland Clinic, in Ohio, is the senior author of the investigation. The findings of the research paper appear in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
75% of the members had a BMI above 40
Dr. Nissen and the group studied the data of 13,722 members, 2,287 of whom had obesity and type 2 diabetes and had experienced weight loss surgery. The analysts contrasted information from this gathering and data from 11,435 coordinated controls that had just gotten standard therapeutic consideration.
75% of the 2,287 members opted for bariatric surgery. All of them had their body mass index above 40 which means these participants were going through extreme obesity. The base BMI in the gathering was 30, which is the lower limit for obesity.
The participants in the group had undergone at least one of the four medical procedures or surgeries. These surgeries or medical procedures include gastric banding, gastric bypass, duodenal switch, and sleeve gastrectomy.
The principle outcomes they observed were cerebrovascular occasions, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease events, and kidney disease.
Above mentioned health issues are the common health risks associated with obesity.
The researchers found out that the individuals who had experienced bariatric surgery had a 40% lower danger of any of these occasions over an 8-year follow-up period. The danger of death, explicitly, was 41% lower.
Moreover, individuals who had experienced metabolic surgery lost 15% more weight, by and large, and had 15% lower glucose levels.
Analysis of the findings
Dr. Ali Aminian, a bariatric specialist at the Cleveland Clinic and the primary author of the paper, remarks on the discoveries. He says that the striking outcomes of the bariatric surgery are due to the significant amount of weight loss.
However, there is a supporting body of evidence which shows the hormonal and metabolic changes of the body does not rely on the weight loss.
Dr. Nissen asserts that health complications including cardiovascular problems because of diabetes and obesity could harm the body to a great extent.
He says how there is a need for a controlled trial after observing such marvelous results. There is a need for new research to see if bariatric surgery reduces the risk of cardiovascular problems who had both diabetes and obesity or not.
Researchers also mention the limitations of the study. This was an observational study, and one could not predict the actual causalities by this.
Besides, misdiagnoses in the Cleveland Clinic’s electronic wellbeing record — the database from which the specialists took their data — may have one-sided outcomes.
Thirdly, the researchers for tracking the participant’s study studied their medical prescriptions. It is not necessary that it matches the actual intake of medicines.
Moreover, researchers also did not shed light on the aftereffects of the various types of weight loss surgery.
10% of the participants in the control group were taking medications which provide some major cardiovascular benefits. However, the proper analysis of the study makes sure that the findings of the study are accurate.