A recent report is published this week by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which shows a rise in three STDs this year.
The annual Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report, evaluates data from 2018 and predicts the changes. This report says that the cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia were highest ever in 2018 and they continue to increase in 2019.
In the press release, Dr. Gail Bolan, Director of the Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention, says that this is the fifth year in a row when these STDs are at a rise.
STDs cases are rapidly increasing
Between the years 2017 and 2018, the gonorrhea cases increased by 5% that makes nearly f 580,000 cases. This is the highest number of cases since 1991.
For chlamydia, the cases were 3% more in 2017 than all previous years. The reported primary and secondary syphilis cases were increased by 14% making approximately 35,000 cases. It is the highest number of cases since 1991. Congenital syphilis is another type of syphilis that passes from mother to newborn. In 2018, there were 1,300 new cases of congenital syphilis that mark 40% in its incidence. Overall the last 5 years show up to a 70% increase in syphilis cases in the USA alone.
What is the reason behind this increase?
There are several factors that contribute to this increase in STDs. CDC press release says that certain factors such as poverty, drug use, and unstable housing and all similar factors reduce the access to medical care and treatment for STDs. It also says that not following the safe sex practice has contributed to this increase. The non-safe sex practices in young, gay and bisexual me are extremely high-risk factors.
Another reason that the CDC explains is to reduce the budget of local healthcare programs. It ended many clinics to end, reduce the staff and medical facilities and shortening of medicine. All these things further affect the patient’s access to healthcare, medicines and prevention plans.
Precautionary measures can help to control
Reversing all these changes is not a one man’s show and it requires using multiple approaches at a time. To start with, the federal, state and local programs must re-create their strategies to maximize their medical care and facilities. The guidelines and awareness program on sexual, reproductive, maternal, and infant health may also help to some extent.
All healthcare facilities need more and better surveillance. It is to ensure that medical facilities are not just available to those who have access to them. Rather it is also available to the population, which doesn’t have this privilege. This two-way approach will help to control the spread of STDs at large.
CDC advises all healthcare providers to “make STD screening and treatment a standard part of medical care.” It will strengthen and improve the local public health infrastructure to prevent and control STDs in even the most vulnerable members of society.