Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes an opportunistic infection “Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome” and increases the risk of other infections. In South, Africa Chimpanzee was identified as the source of HIV infection in humans. HIV and AIDS are a leading cause of death worldwide while in Africa it ranks as the number one cause of death. Fortunately, antiretroviral therapy is available that stops the virus from reproducing.
The recent study in the U.S reveals that the possibility of transfer of infection through sexual contact is so high among young women. The danger of HIV is linked to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Many factors increase the danger of sexually transmitted diseases or Human Immunodeficiency Virus-like distribution of disease in a particular population and behavior. Along with these factors, brain factors can be also related to the risk of Sexually Transmitted Disease.
The brain involves in all the steps required for sexual emotions like pre-sex cuddling, choice of partner, urge for sex. Amygdale is associated with motivational sites of the brain that guide sexual behavior. A limbic system depending on dopamine is linked with the emotional component required for sexual arousal.
Brain alters the physiological state of the brain for sexual desire by hormonal changes and increasing heartbeat
A study has started to describe that neural factors are linked with behavior and enhances the danger of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The function of cortical regulation and pubescent have been focused in the previous studies.
The cortical regulatory circuits permit an adult to assess an option and the future results related to behavior (whether to go for sex or not) as well as inhibits an individual from an option that has risks in the future (whether to have sex without a condom or not). Subcortical brain circuits also play a role in motivating or controlling sexual contact.
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing produced NIMH or NIH study in which researchers find that there is a relationship between brain and sexual risk. There is a high risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in young girls. The use of condoms can assist to prevent infections.
A woman has less response to motivational circuits regarding sexual cues due to irregular use of a condom by her mate as compared to a woman whose mate use condom regularly. Regular use of condoms by the partners during sexual contact plays an important part in getting way more positive neural and emotional reactions to sexual stimuli. The researchers reveal that the brain responds to the sexual hints and this response is associated with sexual emotions.
More findings related to this study are published in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience and is available online to study.
An associate professor of nursing, Anne M. Teitelman and Paul S. Regier from the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine found that the relationship of response of brain to sexual hint is linked with greater risk of sex for both men and women and can be helpful to treat the problems that affect brain responses with medication and emotional therapy. The current study shows that sexual behavior is highly associated with brain, emotions, and behaviors.