Eating too Much Sugar Causes Diabetes- Myth or Truth?

Diabetes is so common today as it was a decade ago. Surprisingly it is more common in countries where high sugar foods are popular. Eating too much sugar causes obesity, heart problems and makes health worse in general. However, its link with diabetes type 2 is not completely understood by research.

People suffering from diabetes in the USA have become more than threefold as it was one and two decades ago. Research studies on sugar consumption and diabetes type 2 are still a popular question in medical research. Typically, doctors say that sugar alone is not a trigger for diabetes type 2 but it might have some link with it.

Type one and type two diabetes, are linked with sugar intake but there is limited information to prove anything. However, both of them affect the body’s natural ability to regulate natural sugar levels. Eating too much sugar wouldn’t directly cause diabetes but it surely links to weight gain which is one of the biggest risk factor of type two diabetes.

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Contrary to that, type one diabetes is autoimmune and is the inability of the body to make insulin thus manage sugar levels. Once a person is diagnosed with diabetes, eating sugary food makes it worse and eventually unbales the body to regulate glucose.

Eating sugary food doesn’t cause diabetes type 1 or diabetes type 2. However, there is limited information that suggests that eating sugar negatively affects diabetes symptoms and makes them worse.

A study from 2016 revealed that sugar is, directly and indirectly, related to diabetes. It suggests that high sugar consumption mainly means fructose intake which potentially leads to decreased insulin sensitivity. It is the body’s natural ability to process glucose and might cause diabetes type 2. However, it doesn’t study it using human trials.

Similarly, another study on people from 175 countries suggests that eating more sugar increases diabetes risk. Eating only 150 calories more than the suggested one, the risk of diabetes increases by 1%. This risk remains there even if other factors that play a role in diabetes are controlled i.e. obesity.

So it means eating or not eating sugar doesn’t relate anything to diabetes. However, this study also didn’t investigate humans so there is no biological claim to this statement. But it is correlated information. Likewise, a review study on diabetes and sugar intake suggests that it “could” increase the risk especially if the user takes too many sugary drinks daily.

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While the link between diabetes and sugar consumption is not strong, it is clear that it causes tooth decay. Also, research from 2014 tells that eating too much sugar may cause death by cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Those people who eat 25% of their calories from sugary sources, they are more likely to suffer from heart problems soon. So people who are already at risk of heart-related conditions should limit their sugar intake.

Eating a high amount of sugar also causes liver diseases, weight gain, immune dysfunction, hormonal imbalance, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and many conditions. So there is limited evidence if a sugary diet leads to diabetes type 2 or not but hopefully, more research can answer it.



Areeba Hussain

The author is a fulltime medical and healthcare writer. She graduated in Medical Microbiology and Immunology with distinction. Her areas of prime interest are medicine, medical technology, disease awareness, and research analysis. Twitter @Areeba94789300

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