Detailed analysis of the Italian COVID-19 outbreak shows an increase in cases of rare Kawasaki-like disease in young children, similar reported cases were seen in New York, South East England, USA and United Kingdom. The syndrome is rare and specialist stress that children remain minimally affected by the novel coronavirus infection overall.
Doctors in the Bergamo, Italy have described a series of ten cases of young children having the symptoms similar to a rare inflammatory disease called Kawasaki Disease appearing since the novel coronavirus outbreak arose in the Lombardy region of Northern Italy. The report is published in The Lancet.
19 children had been diagnosed with this rare condition in that area in the last five years but there were series of 10 cases between 18 February and 20 April 2020. The recent reports show a 30-fold increase in the number of cases, despite the fact that researchers cautioned that it is hard to draw firm conclusions with such a small number of cases.
Eight of the 10 youngsters brought to the emergency clinic after February 18 tested positive for the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection in an antibody test. All of the infected youngsters in the study survived, however, the individuals who turned out to be sick during the COVID-19 pandemic showed more genuine indications than those analyzed in the past five years.
Kawasaki Disease is an uncommon condition that normally influences kids younger than five. It causes veins to get aggravated and swollen. The typical sign and symptoms include red eyes, fever and rash, dry lips or mouth, redness on the palms and bottoms of the feet, and swollen organs. Normally, around a fourth of children influenced experience cardiovascular disorders. However, the condition is once in a while lethal whenever treated fittingly in hospital. It isn’t realized what triggers the condition however it is believed to be an unusual resistant overcompensation to a disease.
The author of the report from the Hospital Papa Giovanni XXIII in Bergamo, Dr. Lucio Verdoni said that we noticed the increase in the number of children being referred to our hospital with an inflammatory condition like Kawasaki Disease around the time the COVID-19 outbreak was taking hold in our region.
Although this complication remains very rare, this study provides further evidence on how the infection may be affecting children. Parents should follow local medical advice and seek medical attention immediately if their child is unwell. Most children will make a complete recovery if they receive appropriate hospital care. Guardians ought to follow nearby clinical guidance and look for clinical consideration promptly if their youngster is unwell. Most children will cause a total recovery if they to get appropriate hospital care.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, the hospital treated around one case of Kawasaki Disease every three months. 10 children were treated between18 February and 20 April 2020. The increase could not be explained by the increase in hospital admissions, as the number of patients admitted during that time period was six-fold lower than before the coronavirus was first reported in that area.
The authors of the study say that their outcomes represent an association between an outbreak of the novel coronavirus and an inflammatory condition like Kawasaki Disease in the Bergamo province in Italy. The researchers say that the cases related to coronavirus must be classified as Kawasaki-like Disease. However, researchers cautioned that this report is based on just a small number of cases and for further confirmation of association, larger studies will be required. Researchers also warned that other countries which are affected by the coronavirus pandemic might expect to have a similar increase in inflammatory cases like Kawasaki Disease.