Osteoporosis in women is a medical condition in which bones lose their density. It mainly affects females and progresses with age. A person reaches the maximum mass of bone until the age of 30. After that, the bone mass keeps degrading in osteoporosis linked to age. In females, bone mass loss is faster after menopause.
The production of hormone estrogen declines in females after menopause. The ovaries in females decrease the production of estrogen hormone before menopause. There are several effects of menopause which vary among person to person. These include night sweat, hot flush, mood swings, and a decrease in bone density.
Osteoporosis in women is a condition of extreme bone loss. The bone loses so much density that it becomes prone to breakage. According to the data provided by the CDC, at least 25 percent of women in the US suffer from osteoporosis after 65 years of age. However, only 5 percent of males of this age group suffer from osteoporosis.
Until now, the only solution to prevent osteoporosis is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. It includes taking food that provides nourishment to bones. However, Brazilian scientists claim to have found the solution to this disease.
The scientists performed their experiment on female rats. They used oxytocin to eradicate the risk factors of osteoporosis. This produced positive results in lab animals. However, scientists hope that they will get the same results in clinical trials as well.
The complete findings of this study published in Scientific Reports journal.
This study was conducted by scientists at the São Paulo State University, Brazil. The experts in Brazil predicted that nearly 100,000 fractures in the hip occur annually because of the aging population. These fractures in hip occur more frequently among females than males. The incidence is nearly 4 times greater among females.
The hip fractures have some severe consequences. It can lead to immobility for life and even high death risk. Rita Menegati Dornelles, the senior author of this study said that the patients of hip fractures lose their independence and function of the body. The number of people who gain their normal function is not more than half of the patients.
Dornelles and her team of researchers treated the rats using the love hormone or oxytocin. This hormone is commonly related to feelings of bonding and affection. This hormone not only controls the feelings but also plays a role in maintaining bone density.
The production of oxytocin decreases in females during menopause. The bone cells secrete this hormone and it maintains the metabolism of bones in females.
The animals treated the female rats using oxytocin. A month later, they compared the blood samples of those rats to the animals that were not treated using oxytocin. The female rats that undergo oxytocin treatment showed better bone density. Also, they could maintain bone health through biochemicals markers present in the blood.
The results obtained in this research are encouraging. This hormone can be used to treat conditions like osteoporosis in women in the future. However, the trials on humans will prove the efficacy of this treatment.