Can Diet Pattern Affect the Risk of Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a condition that causes problems in movement in the patients. The symptoms of the disease start appearing as early as 10 years before the onset of disease. These symptoms mainly include sleepiness during the daytime, depression, and constipation. These factors lead to the risk of Parkinson’s disease in older age.

A recent study regarding the risk of Parkinson’s disease was published in the journal Neurology.

According to the study, a healthier diet during middle age can contribute to decreasing these risk factors. The author of this study, Samantha Molsberry said that this research promotes the use of fruits, vegetables, and nuts in your diet.

She also said that extensive research is required to see if a healthier diet has an impact on people who already have these symptoms. This study included 47,679 participants. The researchers asked them about the diet they took after every four years. The researchers obtained the data about their meals from the 1980s to when they reached middle age.

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In 2012, the researchers asked the participants if they developed any of the two many symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. The first condition was constipation which later leads to the disease. The other was rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder.

This sleep disorder includes different movements while a person is sleeping. Later in 2015, the researchers asked 17,400 participants of the study if they developed five other preceding symptoms of the disease.

These symptoms include the loss of ability to smell, color vision impairment, excessive sleepiness during the daytime, depression, and body pain.

The researchers analyzed the diet of the participants and saw if they included whole grains, fruits, nuts, and vegetables in their meals. They divided all of the participants into five different groups depending upon their diet plan.

The findings of the study showed that the people who took a healthier diet did not develop at least three symptoms that contribute to the risk of Parkinson’s disease. The group who took this diet had a 33% less chance of developing 3 or more preceding symptoms of the disease.

The data showed that 37% of the women included in this study least followed the diet and they had constipation. However, 32% of the total women took a healthy diet and they did not develop this condition.

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According to the study, incorporating more natural products and eating vegetables, fruits and nuts decrease the risk of Parkinson’s disease. Also, moderate consumption of alcohol contributed to the lowering of risk and people showed fewer preceding symptoms of the disease. The researchers considered one drink in a day for females and two drinks for males.

Molsberry said that it does not mean that every person who has any of these symptoms will develop Parkinson’s disease later in life. Mostly, these preceding symptoms increase the risk when combined and present at the same time.

There is, however, a limitation to this study. The researchers did not inquire about the participants about their symptoms when the study began. Hence, some of the participants might be taking their diet under the influence of their particular symptoms.

Bisma Nasar

Bisma is a website content writer and loves to read about advancements in biotechnology and Molecular biology. Her area of expertise include Microbiology, Genetics and Health related niches.

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