The COVID-19 vaccine is finally here but there is still no way to determine whether it will end this pandemic for once and all or not, without giving it to public. Many health experts have raised a questioned that the new vaccine may not suit every person, the same way. A new study has reported some evidence on COVID-19 vaccine acceptance, based on sex of the person receiving it.
This study is a part of the preprint copy of medRxiv.
This study encourages the role of building public trust by education about vaccine safety, response and availability by researchers, healthcare administrators and official bodies.
With more than 1.6 million COVID-19 deaths, the news of a vaccine is heavenly. The research data shows that its still a long way to go to achieve herd immunity and vaccination is the only way to prevent the viral spread.
Other than the developmental and logistic challenges in COVID-19 vaccine, a big problem in this vaccine is hesitancy or acceptability while it is available. It can delay the process of public vaccinations, subjecting the health to risks which are avoidable in the first place.
Vaccine hesitancy is a real thing and it has happened in case of other vaccines too. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates vaccine hesitancy to be one of the top ten health threats on an international level.
The previous data on vaccine hesitancy and acceptance says that it is significantly higher for the COVID-19 vaccine. It is a novel virus which has never existed before. Despite sharing similarities with other viruses, it turned out to be more dangerous, infectious and difficult to manage. It gives rise to uncertainty, lack of trust and misinformation, which is why, all scientific and governmental bodies in charge have to proceed accodingly.
There are many studies which show that people who know about government works and trust their words are more into accepting a new vaccine. In case of COVID-19 vaccine, the acceptance is still questionable. This recent happens to involve 25,000 participants from 12 countries finding the important political, social, economical, and psychological factors to predict a public attitude towards accepting this vaccine.
More than half of the participants in this study were willing to get the COVID-19 vaccine. And up to 91% people shared that they would like to advise vulnerable groups to get this vaccination too.
The vaccine hesitancy which was observed during the time of previous vaccines has decreased with time. But this acceptance for COVID-19 is still 27% higher in people who find the health experts trustworthy regarding pandemic management. Surprisingly, men were more inclined towards getting this vaccine and women were not.
Another important thing is a huge variation in different risk factors to predict vaccine hesitancy. In some parts, like in UK, other factors such as age, social biases and even sex of the receiver also changes the vaccine acceptance pattern. Although it has changed over time but still carries a significant value.
All these variations in COVID-19 vaccine acceptance show that the public has a mixed opinion on research and medicine. The trust on the official bodied doesn’t necessary involve with vaccine acceptance but affects it anyways. This study urges public bodies to communicate the details on COVID-19 vaccine with people in a way that it is easy for them to understand and accept it.